The Cardano Roadmap Is A Journey Through History And Innovation

Published 21.2.2024

In the blockchain industry, Cardano stands out not only for its technological progress but also for its original roadmap, which is inspired by personalities with historical and cultural significance. Each era in the Cardano roadmap is named after a luminary figure, symbolizing the evolution of the network. This article will take you on a journey through the Cardano roadmap, exploring the personalities behind the names of the eras: Byron, Shelley, Goguen, Basho, and Voltaire. Who were these people and why did they become the inspiration for Cardano?

The Personalities Behind The Development Stages Of Cardano

The original Cardano roadmap that we first saw in 2017 had 5 eras named after famous people. Each era brings us closer to realizing the full vision of Cardano. Cardano is set to become a global financial and social operating system.

Let's look at a brief description of each era in the Cardano roadmap.

Byron Era is named after George Gordon Byron, commonly known as Lord Byron, an English poet, peer, and politician. The Byron era represents the foundation of the Cardano network. During this era, the initial version of the Cardano network was launched, allowing users to buy and sell ADA.

The Shelley Era is named after Percy Bysshe Shelley, an English poet, dramatist, and essayist. The Shelley era is focused on decentralization. During this era, Cardano transitioned from a federated network to a decentralized one, enabling stakeholders to operate nodes and validate transactions.

The Goguen Era is named after Joseph Goguen, an American professor of Computer Science. The Goguen era introduces smart contracts and native asset support to Cardano. This allows developers to build decentralized applications on Cardano.

Basho Era is named after Matsuo Basho, the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan. The Basho era is about scalability enhancements. It aims to improve the scalability and interoperability of the Cardano network, making it more useful for real-world applications.

Voltaire Era is named after François-Marie Arouet, known by his pen name Voltaire, a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher. The Voltaire era is about decentralized governance and decision-making. It introduces a voting and treasury system, giving the Cardano community the power to influence the future development of the network.

The Byron era is complete. However, the Daedalus wallet, for example, will continue to be improved because the team must respond to the technological progress that is taking place within the other eras.

The Shelley and Goguen eras have officially been delivered, but even in this case, the IOG team is working on improvements. At the time of writing, the community is eagerly anticipating the Plutus V3, which can be considered a Goguen-era upgrade.

The IOG team is simultaneously working on technologies associated with the Basho and Voltaire eras.

Let's see who are the personalities in the Cardano roadmap.

George Gordon Byron

George Gordon Byron, also known as Lord Byron, was born on January 22, 1788, in London, England, and died on April 19, 1824, in Missolonghi, Greece. He was one of the leading figures of the Romantic movement and is regarded as one of the greatest English poets.

Byron was the son of Captain John Byron and his second wife, Catherine Gordon, a Scottish heiress. After his father squandered most of her fortune, Byron's mother took him to Aberdeen, Scotland, where they lived on a meager income. Byron was born with clubfoot, which led to extreme sensitivity about his lameness.

In 1798, at age 10, Byron unexpectedly inherited the title and estates of his great-uncle William, the 5th Baron Byron. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, before traveling extensively across Europe. He lived for seven years in Italy, where he frequently visited his friend and fellow poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.

Byron's poetry is wide-ranging and accomplished, from lyrics and couplet satires to narrative poems and plays. Among his best-known works are the lengthy narratives ‘Don Juan’ and ‘Childe Harold's Pilgrimage’; many of his shorter lyrics in ‘Hebrew Melodies’ also became popular.

Later in life, Byron joined the Greek War of Independence fighting the Ottoman Empire, and died leading a campaign during that war. His only legitimate child, Ada Lovelace, was a founding figure in computer programming. Byron's extramarital children include Allegra Byron, who died in childhood, and possibly Elizabeth Medora Leigh, daughter of his half-sister Augusta Leigh.

Byron's life and works continue to captivate the imagination of readers worldwide, making him a timeless figure in the world of literature.

Let us now make a short detour to Ada Lovelace. Her name is not associated with any era of the Cardano roadmap, yet as you surely know her name is significant for the project.

Ada Lovelace

The digital currency of Cardano, ADA, is named after Ada Lovelace. She was a 19th-century mathematician who is often recognized as the world's first computer programmer.

Ada Lovelace, born Augusta Ada Byron on December 10, 1815, was the only legitimate child of Lord Byron. Despite her father leaving England forever when she was just a month old, Ada pursued her interest in mathematics and logic.

She is best known for her work on Charles Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Ada was the first to recognize that this machine had applications beyond pure calculation. She created a program for the Analytical Engine, and for this, she is often credited as the first computer programmer.

Ada Lovelace's pioneering role in the field of computing makes her a fitting namesake for the Cardano cryptocurrency, ADA, which itself is at the forefront of blockchain technology. Her legacy continues to inspire and pave the way for future innovations in the field of technology.

Percy Bysshe Shelley

Percy Bysshe Shelley was born on August 4, 1792, in Field Place, near Horsham, Sussex, England, and died at sea off Livorno, Tuscany, Italy, on July 8, 1822. He is considered one of the major English Romantic poets.

Shelley was the son of Timothy Shelley, a conventional man caught between an overbearing father and a rebellious son. Shelley was educated at Syon House Academy and then at Eton, where he resisted physical and mental bullying by indulging in imaginative escapism and literary pranks. In the fall of 1810, Shelley entered University College, Oxford, where he enlisted his fellow student Thomas Jefferson Hogg as a disciple.

Shelley's passionate search for personal love and social justice was gradually channeled from overt actions into poems that rank with the greatest in the English language. His poetry is wide-ranging and accomplished, from lyrics and couplet satires to narrative poems and plays. Among his best-known works are ‘Ozymandias’, ’Ode to the West Wind’, ’To a Skylark’, ’Adonais’, the philosophical essay ’The Necessity of Atheism’, and the political ballad ’The Mask of Anarchy’.

Shelley's life was marked by family crises, ill health, and a backlash against his atheism, political views, and defiance of social conventions. He went into permanent self-exile in Italy in 1818 and over the next four years produced what has been called ‘some of the finest poetry of the Romantic period’.

Shelley's reputation fluctuated during the 20th century, but in recent decades he has achieved increasing critical acclaim for the sweeping momentum of his poetic imagery, his mastery of genres and verse forms, and the complex interplay of skeptical, idealist, and materialist ideas in his work.

Joseph Amadeus Goguen

Joseph Amadee Goguen was an American computer scientist, born on June 28, 1941, and passed away on July 3, 2006. He held professorships in Computer Science at the University of California and the University of Oxford and also held research positions at IBM and SRI International.

Goguen received his bachelor's degree in mathematics from Harvard University in 1963, and his PhD in mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1968. His doctoral advisor was Lotfi Zadeh, the founder of fuzzy set theory.

In the 1960s, along with Lotfi Zadeh, Goguen was one of the earliest researchers in fuzzy logic and made profound contributions to fuzzy set theory. In the 1970s, Goguen's work was one of the earliest approaches to the algebraic characterization of abstract data types. He originated and helped develop the OBJ family of programming languages.

Goguen's development of institution theory had a significant impact on the field of universal logic. The standard implication in product fuzzy logic is often called ‘Goguen implication’ and Goguen categories are named after him.

Apart from his contributions to computer science, Goguen also had a creative side. He wrote poetry and collaborated with his wife Ryoko Goguen as a lyricist, editor, and producer on musical projects. He studied poetry with Alan Ginsberg and William Merwin, and prose with William Burroughs, at Naropa University in Boulder, Colorado.

Joseph Goguen's work continues to influence the field of computer science, particularly in the areas of programming languages, fuzzy logic, and algebraic semantics.

Matsuo Bashō

Matsuo Bashō, born as Matsuo Kinsaku and later known as Matsuo Chūemon Munefusa, was the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan. He was born in 1644, near Ueno, in Iga Province.

Bashō was introduced to poetry at a young age. During his lifetime, Bashō was recognized for his works in the collaborative haikai no renga form; today, after centuries of commentary, he is recognized as the greatest master of haiku (then called hokku). He is also well known for his travel essays beginning with Records of a Weather-Exposed Skeleton (1684), written after his journey west to Kyoto and Nara.

Bashō's poetry is internationally renowned, and, in Japan, many of his poems are reproduced on monuments and traditional sites. Although Bashō is famous in the West for his hokku, he believed his best work lay in leading and participating in renku.

In his late teens, Bashō became a servant to Tōdō Yoshitada, for whom he worked and shared a mutual love of renga. His poems were influenced by his firsthand experience of the world around him, often encapsulating the feeling of a scene in a few simple elements.

Bashō passed away on November 28, 1694. His life and works continue to captivate the imagination of readers worldwide, making him a timeless figure in the world of literature.

François-Marie Arouet

François-Marie Arouet, better known by his pen name Voltaire, was born on November 21, 1694, in Paris, France, and died on May 30, 1778, also in Paris. He was one of the greatest of all French writers and a key figure in the European intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment.

Voltaire was born into a middle-class Parisian family. He was educated at Collège Louis-le-Grand and later managed to make his way into the most brilliant Parisian intellectual milieu of his time. His father was François Arouet, a minor treasury official. Voltaire believed that he was the son of an officer named Rochebrune, who was also a songwriter.

Voltaire was a versatile and prolific writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and histories. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and 2,000 books and pamphlets. His best-known work is ‘Candide‘, a novella that comments on, criticizes, and ridicules many events, thinkers, and philosophies of his time.

Voltaire was famous for his wit and his criticism of Christianity, especially of the Roman Catholic Church, as well as his advocacy of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and separation of church and state. Through its critical capacity, wit, and satire, Voltaire's work vigorously propagated an ideal of progress to which people of all nations have remained responsive.

His long life spanned the last years of classicism and the eve of the revolutionary era, and during this age of transition, his works and activities influenced the direction taken by European civilization. His legacy continues to inspire and pave the way for future innovations in the field of philosophy and literature.


Byron was born with clubfoot, an apt name for the early stage of the network. Byron knew Shelley. The Shelley era brought a significant improvement to the network - decentralization. Shelley defied social conventions which can be interpreted as a relationship to decentralization. Ada Lovelace was Lord Byron's daughter. She was the first female programmer, which extends into the Goguen era. Programmability, i.e. smart contracts, is an integral part of the project. Goguen contributed to the development of object-oriented programming languages and dealt with logic. This name is appropriate for the era that brought smart contracts to Cardano. Basho was a traveler, so it's fitting to name an era associated with interoperability and scalability after him. Voltaire's father was a state treasury official. Voltaire was a defender of freedom of speech and fought for the separation of church and state. Voltaire is a fitting name for an era associated with on-chain governance. His ideas can be interpreted as a desire for decentralization. The concept of decentralization arose during the great French Revolution.


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